Surveyors are professionals who measure and map land, buildings, and other structures. They use their skills to collect data, solve problems, and make informed decisions. There are many different surveyors, each with their specialised skill set and area of expertise.
Be with me in this guide as I will discuss some of the most common types of surveyors. I will also provide a brief overview of the duties and responsibilities of each type of surveyor. Whether you want to be a surveyor or hire one, this guide will help in the process.
Why Knowing Types of Surveyors Is Vital?
Surveying is a diverse profession with many different types of surveyors. Each type of surveyor has different responsibilities and tasks. Some surveyors may prefer fieldwork, while others may prefer office work. Some surveyors may specialise in a particular surveying area, such as land surveying or environmental assessment.
By understanding the different types of surveyors and the variety of tasks and responsibilities involved, individuals can find a career path in surveying that suits their skills, interests, and preferences. The surveying profession offers the potential for personal and professional growth. You must choose the right career in surveying.
What Are the Different Types of Surveyors?
There are many types of surveyors, from land surveyors to party walls, buildings, and so on. Each has a different set of duties to perform either on-site or in the office.
Land surveyor (Geomatics surveyor)
Land surveyors measure and map land, establishing property boundaries and ensuring construction projects are built according to plan. They use a combination of fieldwork, measurements, and advanced technology such as GPS and laser scanning.
Working in many industries, like residential and commercial development, mines, etc., involves environmental assessment, land use planning, and title disputes. Simply put, they play a vital role in ensuring accurate land ownership, property development, and infrastructure planning.
Rural Practice Surveyor
As the name suggests, rural practice surveyors provide surveying services to farmers, ranchers, and other landowners in rural and agricultural areas. They help with tasks such as land boundary surveys, property appraisals, and site planning for new construction.
They are also experts in areas such as farm management, rural land sales, land and property valuation, rural planning, and estate management. Also, work closely with landowners and government agencies to guide them on rural property-related matters.
Environmental surveyors collect data on the natural environment, such as land use, water quality, and air quality. They conduct surveys and gather data on pollution, land contamination, ecological assessments, and environmental compliance.
They are involved in environmental impact checks to see the impact of construction on the environment and vice versa to develop appropriate plans. Their work helps understand and mitigate environmental risks and ensure sustainable practices in various industries.
Party Wall Surveyor
Party wall surveyors are experts in the law of Party Walls etc. Act 1996, governing the construction and maintenance of walls that separate two properties. They can help resolve disputes between neighbours about party walls and advise on the correct procedures to follow when building or repairing a wall.
Quantity surveyors (QSs) estimate the cost of construction projects. They analyse construction plans, calculate material quantities, prepare cost estimates, and provide cost control throughout the project lifecycle. Simply put, they handle construction projects’ procurement, contract administration, and financial management aspects.
Remember, quantity surveyors require strong analytical and mathematical skills to handle the numerical aspects of their role. Moreover, they also need good negotiation skills for effective communication with stakeholders, suppliers, and contractors involved in construction projects.
Valuation surveyors assess the value of residential, commercial, and industrial properties. They use their market knowledge, comparable sales, and other factors such as location, condition, market trends, and comparable properties to provide accurate valuations.
They often collaborate with banks, real estate firms, and property owners and are involved in insurance, taxation, and mortgage lending. Property valuation is done for various purposes, including sales, purchases, mortgages, taxation, and investment analysis.
Planning and Development Surveyor
Planning and development surveyors guide how to utilise land and property resources best. They evaluate how buildings and infrastructure impact the physical and social aspects of the surrounding area, considering factors like design, construction quality, technology, climate, transportation, and renewable energy sources.
Simply put, they advise clients on planning and development regulations in cities, towns, and rural areas. They can help with tasks such as obtaining planning permission, submitting planning applications, and negotiating with local authorities.
Residential surveyors specialise in surveying residential properties, such as single-family homes, condominiums, and apartments. They conduct inspections, identify defects or issues, and provide detailed reports for homebuyers or property owners.
They strategically oversee residential portfolios and assist in buying and selling properties. Residential surveyors play a crucial role in property transactions and ensuring that buyers are aware of any potential problems before purchasing.
Like residential surveyors for domestic, commercial surveyors specialise in surveying commercial properties, such as office buildings, retail stores, and warehouses. They help with tasks such as property valuations, lease negotiations, and due diligence for potential buyers or tenants.
A building surveyor measures and examines different parts of a building to evaluate its quality. Building surveyors consider various factors such as boundary lines, land limitations, the age and condition of the building, its size, and more.
They create reports that can be used for legal purposes. Involvement in different stages of property and construction projects makes building surveying known for its diverse range of tasks and one of the most varied professions in the field of surveying.
Chartered surveyors have met the requirements of a professional body, such as the Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors (RICS). They are typically held to higher professional conduct and competence standards than non-chartered surveyors.
It is a designation encompassing various surveying disciplines such as land surveying, quantity surveying, building surveying, and more.
In order to become a chartered surveying professional, you need to undergo training, obtain accreditation, complete assessments, and participate in ongoing professional development. This demonstrates their high level of competence in their role.
Why Becoming a Surveyor Can Be Beneficial?
If you become a surveyor, it can bring various benefits and opportunities. The surveying profession offers a wide range of fulfilling and diverse roles, as evident from the increasing number of individuals choosing this career path.
As surveyors advance in their careers, they are presented with many new opportunities. They collaborate with teams from different industries and sectors, including architecture, health and safety, and construction.
As a matter of fact, this exposure to diverse fields can lead to numerous advantages and benefits, including the potential for exploring new career paths and expanding professional horizons. You also get paid more with time and experience.